Tech Tips

GEMPLER'S® Tech Tips
Helpful information on the products you use!

Determining the Correct Respiratory Protection for Pesticide Use

The first resource to use in determining the correct respiratory protection for handling a particular pesticide is the product label. Most pesticide labels have a section reviewing the recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) for use with the chemical.

If the product label does not include adequate information to determine the respiratory PPE you need, the next place to look is the material safety data sheet (MSDS). Each chemical has an MSDS that is organized into sections. Under Section 8, Exposure Controls and Personal Protection, you will find information regarding the suggested types of respiratory protection needed.

Calling the manufacturer of the pesticide is also good way to get information on the equipment needed if the information on the chemical's label and MSDS is inadequate or confusing.

If you need help in deciphering the information provided in these resources, call GEMPLER'S Technical Support Department at 1-800-874-4755. Please have the full chemical name, product label and MSDS available when you call.

Glove Sizing

Taking time to accurately measure and select the correct size of glove for you or your employees is crucial in providing adequate hand protection. Without proper-fitting gloves, you or your employees have a higher risk of unwanted hand injuries. When a glove is too small, it can be uncomfortable to wear, compromise dexterity and cause hand fatigue for the user. If the glove material is stretched beyond its capabilities, it will tear or rip when in use. If a glove is too large, it can be pulled off easily, causing a safety issue for the wearer.

To find the correct glove size, measure the dominant hand (the dominant hand being the right if you are right-handed, left if you are left handed). Using a soft tape measure the circumference of the knuckle area of the hand, this measurement, in inches, is your glove size. If the gloves you are purchasing come in numbered sizes, the inch measurement will correspond directly with the size of the glove. For example, if your hand measures 10", you will wear a size 10 glove. The numerical measurements also correspond to lettered glove sizes such as XS, S, M, L and XL. An XS is a 6-7, S is 7-8, M is 8-9, L is 9-10, XL is 10-11, 2XL is 11-12 and Jumbo is 12-13.

Gloves are often available in different lengths. The length should be determined based on the task being performed, such as how deep it needs to be submerged in a solution or the level of splash protection required. To ensure the best protection of the hand, wrist and arm, determine how much protection is required and then measure the arm to determine the exact length of glove required for the application.

For more information on how to determine glove sizing click here.

Difference Between Tire Reliners and Tire Guards

While they both protect tube-type tires against punctures, tire reliners and tire guards do the job in slightly different methods. Tire reliners are two pieces of rubber tire material, while tire guards are a single piece of tire cord material. One set of reliners fits in several different sized tires, while guards are custom-made to fit in a tire of a specific size, brand and tread type.

Tire reliners consist of two half-moon-shaped pieces – although ones for smaller sized tires may only be a single piece with tapered ends – that are placed between the inside of the tire and the inner tube to help prevent flats due to punctures from thorns, stubble, roadside debris, and other sharp objects. The inflated tube helps hold it in place. The reliner is roughly ¼" thick and adds between 4- and 6-ply of cord material inside the tire. A reliner protects the tread area of the tire and up the sidewall to within an inch or two of the bead.

A tire guard is one continuous piece designed to protect the inner tube from material that could puncture it, including nails, screws, glass, thorns, staples and other sharp items. Like a reliner, the guard is installed between the inside of the tire and the tube, and it is kept in place by the inflated tube. A tire guard is about ½" thick through the cross section area and tapers off thinner along the edges, adding at least 6-ply of material to the tread area of the tire. A tire guard provides excellent protection in the tread and, to a lesser extent, along the sidewalls.

Both tire reliners and tire guards are designed for installation in vehicle tires that travel off-road and at speeds of 25 mph or less.

Tire Reliners   Tire Guards

Tire reliners are usually two pieces of rubber tire material that provide puncture resistance

 

Tire guards are one continuous piece of cord material that provide puncture resistance

Fire Extinguishers

Almost all fires are small in their early stage and can be put out quickly if the proper fire extinguisher is available. For an extinguisher to meet OSHA requirements, it must be:

  1. Approved by a recognized testing laboratory (Factory Mutual or Underwriters Laboratories®)

  2. Of the proper class for the fire expected

  3. Located where readily accessible for immediate use

  4. Inspected and maintained on a regular basis so it is in good operating condition

  5. Operated by a trained employee who can use it effectively.

Uses for Fire Extinguisher Classes
Class A – Ordinary combustibles, such as wood, paper, some plastics and textiles.
Class B – Flammable liquid and gas fires such as oil, gasoline, etc.
Class C – Fires that involve live electrical equipment that require the use of electrically nonconductive extinguishing agents.
Class D – Combustible materials such as magnesium, titanium, sodium, etc., which require an extinguishing medium that does not react with burning metal.
Class K – Fires involving cooking products (fats, grease and oils) in commercial cooking applications.

Portable fire extinguishers are labeled so the user can quickly identify the class of fire for which the extinguisher will be effective. There are a series of pictographs that include both recommended and unacceptable extinguisher types. There is also a UL rating listed on the extinguisher. This rating allows the user to compare the effectiveness of various fire extinguishers. For example, an extinguisher that is rated 4A:20B:C indicates the following:

  1. The A rating stands for water equivalency. Each A is equivalent to 1.25 gals. water, therefore an extinguisher labeled 4A=5 gals. Water.

  2. The B:C rating is equivalent to the amount of square footage that the extinguisher can cover, related to the degree and training and experience of the operator. 20B:C=20 sq. ft. coverage.

  3. The C rating indicates it is suitable for use on electrically energized equipment.

OSHA requires that employers select and place fire extinguishers based on the class of fire anticipated and the size and degree of the hazard. The placement of extinguishers depends on the class of fire and extinguisher. The travel distance for Class A fires should be 75 ft. or less and 50 ft. or less for Class B. Class C is based on the appropriate A or B hazard, while Class D is 75 feet.

If an employer provides a fire extinguisher for employee use, employees should be familiar with the use of extinguishers. Portable fire extinguishers should be also visually inspected monthly and maintained according to the manufacturer's recommendations.

GPS Frequently Asked Questions: What is WAAS?

GPS is made up of a network of 24 satellites. The 21 primary and three back-up satellites circle the earth in predictable orbits at an altitude of approximately 10,900 miles. The satellites act as reference points that allow calculations of position.

On earth, a GPS receiver calculates its position by solving a set of equations based on the distance between it and three or more satellites. Location is determined by measuring the travel time of radio signals from the available satellites. Reference to at least three satellites is required for accurate horizontal location, and at least four satellites for accurate horizontal and vertical location. The more satellites used for the calculation, the more accurately a location can be pinpointed. The most precise determination of position can be achieved using the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS).

Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) is a project funded by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) designed to improve the overall accuracy and integrity of the GPS signal for flying. Though designed for aircraft, it makes recreational GPS more accurate than ever. Current testing by manufacturers of handheld GPS receivers has shown that actual accuracies are typically around 2-3 meters.

WAAS consists of ground reference stations positioned across the United States, two master stations and two geostationary satellites near the equator. The stations receive signals from the GPS satellites, adjust the readings to correct for sources of error, and then broadcast the corrected message via the geostationary satellites to WAAS-enabled GPS receivers. The GPS unit then uses these corrections to make the location information it provides to the user more accurate.

Currently WAAS is only available in North America. A person outside North America can use a WAAS-enabled GPS, but the data has not been corrected.

Garmin eTrex® 20 GPS   TeeJet® CenterLine® 220 GPS Lightbar Guidance System

Garmin eTrex® 20 GPS
(Item No. 201051)

 

TeeJet® CenterLine® 220
GPS Lightbar Guidance System
(Item No. 147630)

What is Shade Cloth?

Shade cloth is a lightweight fabric that provides sun protection for people, pets, livestock and plants. The knitted shade cloth GEMPLER'S carries is made from high-density polyethylene fabric, and it has many advantages over its woven counterpart.

Knit shade cloth possesses greater strength, ventilation and water permeability when compared to woven shade material, and it is up to 35% lighter than woven fabric of the same shade rating. Its lockstitch weave enables the cloth to be cut without unraveling or fraying, and it doesn't require edging material.

The percentage listed refers to the amount of light the cloth blocks. For example, 50% shade cloth blocks roughly 50% of sunlight. The shade factor to be considered depends upon the specific application and location of its use.

A shade percentage of 70 or greater works well to protect people, as well as pets and livestock. Growers use 30 to 50% for many fruits and vegetables, while 30 to 60% works well for plants and flowers. In all instances, you should take into account whether you're located in northern or southern climes; people in southern states may need a higher percentage to better protect themselves, their animals and plants.

Black is probably the most popular shade cloth, and it comes in the broadest range of shade factors. Colored shade cloth has a more narrow range of shade percentages and is often chosen for aesthetic reasons. Aluminet is shade cloth made from HDPE strands coated with reflective aluminum, and, while more expensive, it reflects light and heat during the day and holds in heat at night better than other shade cloth.

Black Shade Cloth   White Shade Cloth

This is 80% black shade cloth
on a white background
(Item No. 127619)

 

This is 40% white shade cloth
on a black background
(Item No. 151005)

Garlic Barrier®

Trying to get rid of pests in your backyard or garden? Garlic Barrier® is a 100% natural product that helps keep wildlife and insects off of or away from vegetables, vine crops, trees and ornamentals. It helps deter deer, rabbits, field mice, whiteflies, spider mites, leafrollers, leafhoppers, ants, aphids, thrips, grasshoppers, spiders and much more. For mosquitoes, we suggest using Mosquito Barrier®.

Garlic Barrier is available in two sizes. The gallon size is 99.3% pure garlic extract, while the quart size is more diluted at 10% garlic extract and 90% deionized water. A quart-sized bottle of Garlic Barrier makes enough solution to cover 10,890 sq. ft. The coverage for the gallon varies depending on how it is mixed and the desired application.

Mix the gallon-sized Garlic Barrier at a 1:99 ratio; the quart size at 1:10. Apply Garlic Barrier using a canister or backpack sprayer and mix accordingly. After mixing the concentrate, agitate the mixture again before spraying to prevent settling. Apply initially as a preventative before insect infestation or when foliage emerges, then repeat on a 10-14-day spray schedule to maintain effectiveness. Garlic Barrier is systemic—the longer it has been applied, the more a plant or tree absorbs. This makes it more effective long term.

The garlic odor dissipates quickly after application. Garlic Barrier does not leave a taste in or on fruit which allows it to be used up until the day of harvest. Garlic Barrier is also OMRI listed and suitable for organic farm use. It lasts for about 2 years if stored in a cool place out of direct sunlight and away from heat with the lid on tightly. If stored in a refrigerator at 40°F, Garlic Barrier lasts for several years. It should not be allowed to freeze.

Garlic Barrier – Gallon   Garlic Barrier – Quart

Garlic Barrier – Gallon
(Item No. R42407)

 

Garlic Barrier – Quart
(Item No. R42406)

Pesticide Storage Tips

There are many things you do to decrease the likelihood of an accident and reduce pesticide exposure while you are mixing and applying pesticides, such as wearing personal protective equipment and restricting access to treated areas. What about when you aren't actively using your pesticides? Are you taking precautions to avoid accidents involving your stored pesticides?

Here are some tips for safe pesticide storage:

  • Always read the pesticide label for specific storage instructions.

  • Store pesticides in their original, labeled containers. Never store pesticides in soda bottles or food containers – no matter how small an amount. Accidental poisonings by ingestion can and do occur.

  • Be sure the pesticide labels are legible. Make copies of the original labels and store the copies somewhere safe so that if portions of the label do become illegible, there is a copy for you to reference.

  • Containers should be marked with date of purchase. This will help you use the old products first.

  • Store pesticides in cool, dry areas protected from temperature extremes. Freezing or heat can cause pesticide containers to break. Avoid storing pesticides in full sun or near heat sources, as many pesticides are flammable and may explode or ignite. Extreme heat or cold can also reduce the effectiveness of some pesticides. Avoid storing pesticides in areas where flooding is possible, or in places where they may spill and contaminate the environment.

  • Store pesticides in a locked area with a warning sign on the door.

  • Store pesticides away from personal protective equipment, clothing, food, seed and cleaning materials.

  • Separate different types of pesticides in the storage area. This will help prevent contamination and accidental use of the wrong chemical.

Pesticide Storage Area Bilingual Danger Sign   Pesticide Storage Cabinet, 30-gal. Capacity

Pesticide Storage Area Bilingual Danger Sign
(Item No. 139228)

 

Pesticide Storage Cabinet, 30-gal. Capacity
(Item No. 151280)

Hay Moisture Testers

Moisture content is an essential factor hay producers should consider as they determine when to bale. Using a moisture meter is the best way to make certain hay is baled at the optimum moisture level, which is anywhere from 18 to 22%.

Several common methods are used to test hay moisture, and different testers or accessories are used for those different procedures. You may test hay while it's in a windrow after it's been chopped but before it's baled. It can also be checked after the hay has been baled, or it can be measured in the baler chamber during the baling process.

Windrow testers use a probe with multiple pins or a single broad pin to measure the moisture content of loose hay. Bale testers use a single, long and narrow probe to determine the moisture levels of round or square bales. In-baler testers use microprocessor-based sensors to read moisture content of the hay as it moves through the baling equipment.

It should be noted, however, that no one testing method is considered superior to the others. Each has advantages and disadvantages.

The moisture measurement of hay should be thought of in terms of ranges and not absolute values. Hay field conditions can change rapidly due to a number of factors, and other variables can affect the readings before, during and after the baling process.

Delmhorst® Probe-style Hay Moisture Tester for Bales and Windrows   AgraTronix Deluxe Baler-mounted Hay Moisture Tester

Delmhorst® Probe-style Hay Moisture Tester
for Bales and Windrows
(Item No. 126091)

 

AgraTronix Deluxe Baler-mounted
Hay Moisture Tester
(Item No. 171278)

Reducing the Risks of Heat Stress

If you or your employees work in summer heat, the risk of heat stress is a major danger.

Heat stress occurs when the body builds up more heat than it can handle. The early signs of heat-related illnesses are mild dizziness, fatigue, irritability, decreased concentration and impaired judgment. Workers may also experience heat cramps or painful spasms in the leg, arm or abdominal muscles, heavy sweating and thirst.

Another summer work hazard is heat stroke. Heat stroke occurs when the body does not regulate temperature and body temperature rises to critical levels. Primary symptoms include confusion; irrational behavior; loss of consciousness; lack of or inability to sweat; hot, dry skin and an abnormally high body temperature. If an employee shows signs of heat stroke seek emergency medical attention immediately.

To reduce the risks, try to limit the amount of time you spend in the sun. Take time to adjust to working in the heat, especially if you aren't used to working in hot conditions. Juggle tasks so that the heaviest work is done during the coolest parts of the day. Take breaks indoors or in the shade. Apply sunscreen before going out into the sun, being sure to use a sunscreen with a protection factor of 15 or greater on your face, neck, hands, forearms and other unprotected areas of the skin. Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing and don't forget to drink a lot of water before, during and at the end of your shift.

More sun and heat protection tips

Respirator Care

Your respirator is an important piece of safety equipment. It helps protect you from breathing in harmful particles, gases and vapors. In order to be effective each time you use it, your respirator must be in good condition.

Respirators should be inspected before each use. Here are a few things to check:

  • Stretch the elastic on the straps. Be sure the elastic isn't becoming loose or tearing.

  • Check the lens for cracks or other damage.

  • Inspect the face seal. Make sure nothing interferes with the fittings. Check for dirt, cracks or tears.

  • Perform a fit check on your respirator to ensure seals are working properly.

  • Look for any other worn, damaged or missing parts.

Reusable respirators should be wiped down with disposable alcohol-free cleansing wipes after every use. They should also be disassembled and thoroughly cleaned on a regular basis. Follow these steps to fully clean your respirator:

  • Wash your hands. Disassemble your respirator.

  • Hand wash the facepiece in warm water. Use a disinfecting soap recommended by the manufacturer. Then thoroughly rinse it off.

  • Clean the inhalation and exhalation valves with the disinfecting soap.

  • Cartridges and filters cannot be cleaned. They may be reused or disposed of, depending on their condition.

  • Let all of the parts you have cleaned air dry before you put the respirator back together.

Proper storage is also necessary to ensure your respirator works when you need it and to prolong service life. Here are some tips for properly storing your respirator:

  • Store your respirator in a clean location away from any possible contamination. Storing a respirator on the dashboard of a truck, in an enclosed cab, on a workbench, or near pesticide containers is dangerous.

  • Sunlight, humidity, extreme heat and extreme cold may all damage your respirator. Be sure to store your respirator in a cool, dry place, out of the sunlight.

  • Cartridges should be removed from the respirator and stored in an airtight plastic bag. Cartridges can absorb anything from cigarette smoke to engine exhaust and may not work the next time you use them if not properly protected.

Respirator Wipe Pads   Respirator Storage Bag

Respirator Wipe Pads
(Item No. AMW50)

 

Respirator Storage Bag
(Item No. 16558)

Choosing the Right Insect Repellent for You

The warm weather is here, and people are venturing outdoors. Mosquitoes, ticks and other biting insects are also waiting for you out there, so you will want to protect yourself with an insect repellent.

DEET-based products have proven to be the most effective and longest lasting insect repellents. Studies have shown the higher the concentration of DEET, the longer the protection lasts. DEET concentrations up to 30% are adequate for many activities, while concentrations of 50 to 100% are for use in high-risk or heavily infested environments.

Other chemical-based products, such as those that contain picaridin or IR3535, are alternatives to DEET repellents, but none of them have been proven to provide as long lasting protection as DEET products. Numerous applications may be necessary.

Natural insect repellents, such as those made from citrus or spice oils, are becoming increasingly popular as people seek repellents with pleasant aroma and without chemicals. However, these products are not as effective or long lasting as ones with DEET and repeated applications may be required.

A good insect repellent can help you to enjoy the outdoors without the annoyance and potential dangers of mosquitoes and other biting insects.

10-Hour™ insect repellent spray with 100% DEET   Coleman® SkinSmart™ DEET-free insect repellent

10-Hour™ insect repellent spray with 100% DEET
(Item No. DEET2A)

 

Coleman® SkinSmart™ DEET-free insect repellent
(Item No. 172238)

High-visibility Workwear

Several factors must be considered when purchasing high-visibility workwear or safety vests. Working conditions such as time of day, temperature and type of work being done help determine what type of garment is required. A mesh-style vest may be the best choice for warm-weather work, while a rain suit or insulated hi-vis garment is better for cold-weather work.

Class Rating
The class of workwear required for the work being done is another factor. ANSI Class 1 garments are not acceptable for use on public roadways, while ANSI Class 2 or Class 3 workwear may be required depending on nearby vehicle and equipment speed. ANSI Class 2 garments are required for employees working on or near roadways where traffic exceeds 25 mph or where workers need greater visibility in inclement weather. Class 3 workwear is required when vehicle traffic exceeds 50 mph or when there are a wide range of weather conditions that affect visibility.

Replacing Your Hi-vis Garment
Hi-vis garments should be replaced when they become faded, torn, dirty, soiled, worn or defaced, or are no longer visible at 1,000 ft., day or night. According to the American Traffic Safety Services Association, garments worn on a daily basis have a service life of approximately 6 months; garments not worn on a daily basis have a useful life of up to 3 years.

Other factors that may cause hi-vis workwear to wear out more quickly include working at a higher elevation where there are higher levels of ultraviolet rays and warm or hot climates. The type of work being done can also affect the life of hi-vis garments. Some jobs are dirtier or more strenuous, which may lead to increased soiling or tears. Care should also be considered—washing more frequently, or storing a garment in warmer temperatures may also affect service life.

Storage and Laundering
When not in use, store hi-vis workwear in a cool, dry location out of direct sunlight. For laundering information, follow the instructions on the garment label. If there is no label, hand wash hi-vis garments in cool water with a mild soap and hang to dry.

Different Types of Herbicides

Herbicides, commonly known as weed killers, are designed to temporarily or permanently eliminate undesirable and unwanted plants.

Pre-emergent and Post-emergent Herbicides
Pre-emergent herbicides are applied to the ground to prevent germination before the unwanted plants emerge from the soil. They are effective in combating annual weeds. Post-emergent weed killers are applied directly to the unwanted plants after they have begun to grow out of the soil. Multiple applications may be necessary to kill perennial weeds.

Selective and Non-selective Herbicides
Selective herbicides, which are generally post-emergent ones, inhibit the growth or kill only specific targeted plants, leaving non-target plants unharmed. However, the applicator should still be careful when applying around desirable plants. Non-selective varieties will harm or kill any plants they come in contact with, so this type of herbicide should be applied carefully or not at all around desirable plants.

Contact and Systemic Herbicides
Contact herbicides eliminate or kill the parts of the plant they physically come in contact with, but do little if anything on its belowground parts. They work well on annual weeds. Systemic weed killers work by being absorbed into the system of the plant either through the roots or leaves, and they are effective on both annual and perennial weeds.

Roundup® QuickPro®   Remuda Full Strength®

Roundup® QuickPro® is a non-selective,
post-emergent systemic herbicide
(Item No. 125720)

 

Remuda Full Strength® is a non-selective,
post-emergent systemic herbicide
(Item No. 151163)

Selecting a Power Wizard Fence Energizer

Power Wizard fence energizers are a great way to keep animals in or predators and pests out of an area. Electric fences that use Power Wizard fence energizers create a psychological barrier and are often much less expensive to build than traditional fences built with barbed wire or deer netting. In ideal conditions, the fence energizer, hot wire and ground wire form an incomplete circuit. When an animal touches the hot wire (and ground return wire, if installed), it completes the circuit and receives a shock. The severity of this shock is determined by the capacity of the fence energizer and the conditions of the fence line and ground system.

There are three types of Power Wizard fence energizers. AC powered fence energizers simply plug into a standard 110-volt outlet. They are the most effective and practical type of fence energizer and are available in a wide selection of joule ratings. Solar powered fence energizers are used in remote areas without access to AC power. An attached solar panel charges a battery which powers the fence energizer. These require 4 to 6 hours of sunlight per day. DC powered fence energizers use D cell batteries or 12-volt batteries and are designed for use in temporary applications.

Once you determine the power source, you can then determine the strength of the fence energizer. Because the fence energizer is the most important component of an electric fence, a variety of factors need to be considered, including overall fence length, acreage, terrain, ground condition and the animal being controlled. Remember that joules, not volts, are considered to be the most accurate measurement of power in a fence energizer. This is because fence and ground conditions have an effect on voltage readings through the fence line.

Selecting a Weed Control Fabric

Spring planting season is upon us. When planting new beds, landscape fabric makes landscaping jobs easier and provides professional results. GEMPLER'S carries several different landscape fabrics, all intended to stop weeds and promote plant growth by allowing water, air and nutrients to reach the plant.

Landscape fabric is available in two types: nonwoven and woven. Nonwoven fabric is a spun-bound fabric that is lightweight, easy to cut and install. Nonwoven landscape fabric is treated to allow water to get through and made of UV-resistant material to minimize damage or degradation from extreme temperatures. Woven landscape fabric is a tightly woven mesh that has a higher tear and puncture resistance than nonwoven fabric. Woven landscape fabric has excellent water, air and nutrient penetration to help maintain soil moisture longer than other fabrics and handles even the toughest weeds. It is also UV treated.

There are also several different fabric thicknesses available. The 3-oz., nonwoven weed fabric is a cost-effective fabric that minimizes light penetration to suppress weed growth, yet allows water and air to pass through. The 4-oz. woven fabric is stronger and allows better water, air and nutrient penetration due to the natural weave. The 5-oz. woven weed barrier provides excellent puncture and tear resistance and has the best moisture retention of all the three fabrics.

When installing landscape fabrics, follow the manufacturer's instructions and fully cover the entire area with fabric. If installing fabric on a slope, lay the fabric both ways so it stays in place better. Place landscape pins approximately 3 to 5 ft. apart where fabric overlaps. Landscape fabric also reduces the amount of mulch you use by one-third. For example, if you normally have a mulch depth of 2-½", you only need 1" to 1-½". Using too much mulch promotes weed growth on top of the landscape fabric.

Pheromone Lure Info and Tips

Pheromone lures and traps are used to monitor specific insect populations. They help indicate the best possible time to spray an insecticide for maximum effectiveness or help determine whether a spray is even needed in that area. A good trapping and monitoring program can help prevent crop damage, save money and may even reduce pesticide use.

So what exactly is a pheromone lure?
A pheromone lure is a scent lure that smells like a female insect "in heat." Many female insects release an odor to signal their readiness for mating. These odors, or pheromones, can be reproduced in a laboratory. This material is then applied to a rubber cap or other device and the scent is released slowly over several weeks, attracting the insects to the collection device.

Tips for Handling Pheromone Lures

  • When traps are used with pheromone lures, the lure odor can permanently contaminate the trap. Cross-contamination with more than one lure type may reduce or even eliminate effectiveness. Do not use the same trap with a different lure type, even in different years. Mark the traps permanently with the lure type used, and always use the same lure type with that trap. Also, do not use more than one lure in a trap at the same time.

  • When handling lures, do not touch the lure or the insides of the lure package (you may use disposable gloves) to avoid contaminating hands, tools or traps used for other insects. Carry empty lure packages away from the monitoring site and dispose of them properly.

  • You can refrigerate or freeze lures for longer storage lives. Lures stored for more than one season may not retain peak effectiveness.

Trécé® Codling Moth Pheromone Lure   Scentry® Clearwinged Borer Pheromone Lure

Trécé® Codling Moth Pheromone Lure
(Item No. T3111)

 

Scentry® Clearwinged Borer Pheromone Lure
(Item No. EL103)

Choosing a Hard Hat

Selecting the proper hard hat to protect you and your workers can seem like daunting task, but it doesn't have to be. There are several factors to consider when making that choice.

Type
Hard hats are either Type I or Type II, and the type refers to the primary area of protection. A Type I hard hat protects against blows to the top of the head, while a Type II hard hat protects against blows from the front, back, side and top.

Electrical Rating
Hard hats are also given electrical class ratings. A Class G hard hat is intended to reduce the danger of contact exposure to low-voltage conductors (proof tested at 2,200 volts), while a Class E hard hat is designed to reduce the danger of contact exposure to high-voltage conductors (proof tested at 20,000 volts); however, the voltage is not intended as an indication of the voltage at which the wearer is protected. A Class C hard hat is not intended to provide protection against contact with electrical conductors.

Suspension
There are two primary types of hard hat suspensions. A ratchet suspension adjusts by turning a knob at the back of the hard hat, while a pinlock suspension matches a pin into a corresponding hole. Suspensions feature four, six or eight load bearing points, and you should never interchange one manufacturer's hard hat with another's suspension.

Service Life
Contrary to popular belief, most manufacturers don't have a predetermined service life for their hard hats. However, some suggest replacing the suspension every 12 months and the hard hat after 5 years of usage. In addition, the hard hat should be inspected daily for signs of damage or wear and replaced if necessary.

MSA V-Guard® "Patriotic" peak Type I hard hat   North Safety Products® Type II hard hat

MSA V-Guard® "Patriotic" peak Type I hard hat
(Item No. 133279)

 

North Safety Products® Type II hard hat
(Item No. 53385)

Looking for a glove for pesticide use?

The first step in determining the type of glove to use for your application is to check your pesticide label to see what type of glove is required. Most labels have a Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) section, which should list the required glove type, or an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) selection category, letters A-H. Once you have the type of glove or category given on the label, you can select a glove by the material provided or by referring to the EPA personal protective equipment category chart on the GEMPLER'S® website. The pesticide label may give several glove materials that will work with your pesticide. If so, select the glove that best fits your specific application.

If the personal protection equipment information provided on the label is limited, you will need to determine the type of glove that is required by using the signal word (caution, warning or danger), the route of entry statements, the formulation and specific action statements. A thorough understanding of the pesticide, the job, weather and the handler can also help in selecting a glove. If still unsure, contact the manufacturer of the pesticide for advice.

Not all gloves offer the same level of protection. Gloves can be either highly chemical resistant, moderate or slightly chemical resistant, while some gloves last longer against certain types of pesticides and chemicals. According to the EPA, only unlined gloves or gloves with separable liners may be used. GEMPLER'S offers a variety of unlined gloves, depending on the type of pesticide you are using. These materials include barrier laminate, butyl, nitrile, neoprene, natural rubber, polyethylene, PVC or Viton®.

Ansell Barrier Laminate Gloves   15-mil Nitrile Gloves

Ansell Barrier Laminate Gloves
(Item No. 182013)

 

15-mil Nitrile Gloves
(Item No. 727G)

Spring Sprayer Checkup

While spraying season may still be a little ways away, now is a great time to check your sprayer over to make sure it is ready to go when you need it. Proper winterization last fall was one way to prepare your sprayer for this year. Once temperatures in your area no longer dip below freezing, performing a spring checkup on your sprayer is the second opportunity to ensure it is ready for spraying season. If you put off your sprayer checkup until later in the season you run the risk of running out of time for fixing any problems. See the list below for some general points to check on your sprayer to help ensure it is ready to go when you need it.

  • Blow through all hoses to clear out any cobwebs or dust that may have accumulated during winter storage.

  • Check all strainers and filters in the sprayer to ensure they are clean and aren't visibly damaged.

  • Look for any visible cracks or damage to the tank.

  • Fill your tank with water and run water through your sprayer to ensure the pump is working properly and building up adequate pressure.

  • Check all valves on the sprayer to ensure they completely shut off flow and do not drip.

  • Run water through the spray wand and boom, if applicable, to ensure they are working properly.

  • Look over the whole sprayer, checking for any leaks.

Prepping Your pH Meter for Use

Knowing the pH of your soil is an important consideration for the growing success of your plants and crops. However, you want to have confidence in those readings, and there are a couple of simple things you can do to ensure the results are accurate.

All pH meters should be conditioned and calibrated before use. Conditioning the electrode prepares it to take readings, while calibration enables it to take accurate readings.

To condition the electrode, place it in a beaker with electrode storage solution, or either 4.0 or 7.0 buffer solution, and soak it for 20 to 30 minutes. After conditioning, rinse the electrode with distilled or deionized water. The electrode is now ready for calibrating.

To calibrate the electrode, place it in a beaker of 7.0 buffer solution and adjust according to the instructions for the meter; some meters calibrate automatically while others require manual calibration. If a two-point calibration is required, rinse the electrode in distilled or deionized water, place it in a beaker of either 4.0 or 10.0 buffer solution and repeat the adjustment process.

After the electrode has been conditioned and calibrated, you can take pH readings and feel confident the results are accurate. In addition, you can calibrate your meter as often as you want based upon usage, but a minimum of once a week is recommended.

Hanna Instruments® pHep 5 pH Meter with Wet Storage Glass Bulb Electrode   Oakton® pHTestr® 30 pH Meter with Dry Storage Glass Bulb Electrode

Hanna Instruments® pHep 5 pH Meter
with Wet Storage Glass Bulb Electrode
(Item No. 71350)

 

Oakton® pHTestr® 30 pH Meter
with Dry Storage Glass Bulb Electrode
(Item No. RCP055)

 

Selecting a Motorized Sprayer

With such a wide variety of motorized sprayers available, selection can be difficult. Consider the following questions before you begin:

  • What are you spraying (herbicide, fertilizer, etc.)?

  • What kind of pump do you need? Will it provide enough power? Is it compatible with what you are spraying?

  • Where are you spraying (turf, pasture, row crops, trees, shrubs, etc.)?

  • Do you need a spray boom, boomless nozzle or just a spray gun?

  • How will you power the sprayer (12-volt battery, gas engine or PTO)?

  • How will you transport the sprayer (in the back of a pickup truck, behind a garden tractor, on a 3-point hitch, etc.)?

  • What size tank do you need?

Spot Sprayers range from 15 to 30 gals. and typically use pumps that are powered by a 12-volt battery. They are easy to transport in the back of pickup trucks and UTVs as well as on ATV racks.

Skid Sprayers range from 40 to 500 gals. and are mounted to a skid that makes them easy to move using a forklift or skid loader. They are typically mounted in the back of pickup trucks or UTVs and are popular because they can easily be moved from site to site without having to unload anything. They are usually powered by 12-volt batteries or gas engines.

2-Wheel Trailer Sprayers range from 15 to 300 gals. and are designed to be towed behind an ATV, UTV or tractor. They are typically powered by 12-volt batteries or gas engines and are ideal for use on turf. Models with highway-ready axles are also available.

4-Wheel Trailer Sprayers range from 50 to 200 gals. and can be pulled by hand or behind a tractor. They are powered by gas engines and are ideal for use in nurseries and greenhouses. They do not include booms or boomless nozzles.

3-Point Hitch Sprayers range from 40 to 300 gals. and mount on the back of tractors equipped with a 3-point hitch. Most are powered by the tractor's PTO, but some models are available with 12-volt pumps. They are more commonly used for agricultural applications such as row crops or pastures.

Eyewash Units

GEMPLER'S carries several types of eyewash and showers. The most basic type of eyewash is the personal eyewash bottles that are often used in the field or located near workstations. Personal eyewash bottles do not meet the requirements of the ANSI standard and cannot be substituted for an eyewash station. They are intended to support plumbed or gravity-fed units by delivering immediate flushing fluid, allowing the employee to get to a true plumbed or self-contained eyewash unit. Personal eyewash bottles should be inspected regularly to make sure they are still within their expiration date and that the seal has not been broken. Any expired, open or used bottles should be discarded.

Eyewash stations can be plumbed or gravity fed. A plumbed station is connected to a source of potable water, while gravity-fed eyewash contains flushing fluid that must be refilled or replaced after each use. Both stations must be assembled according to the manufacturer's instructions, installed according to the ANSI requirements and provide a flow rate of 0.4 gals. per minute for 15 minutes. Units should be able to be activated in less than 1 second and must have a stay-open valve to ensure hands-free operation. Eyewash stations must also be within 10 seconds and on the same level as the hazard, in a well-lit area and identified with a sign.

Eye/facewash stations are available as plumbed units. An eye/facewash is a device used to irrigate the face and eyes; it tends to have larger heads plus a face spray ring. Eye/facewash stations must meet the same requirements as plumbed eyewash stations and must provide a flow rate of 3 gals. per minute of water for 15 minutes.

Emergency showers are available as standalone or in combination with an eye or facewash. Showers must be installed according the ANSI requirements and must have a flow rate equal to 20 gals. per minute at 30 psi. Like eyewash units, showers should be able to be activated in 1 second or less and have a stay-open valve that remains on until the user shuts it off. Emergency showers must also be within 10 seconds and on the same level as the hazard, in a well-lit area and identified with a sign.

Drench hoses are used to irrigate and flush the eyes, face and body. Handheld drench hoses, like personal eyewash bottles, are used to support shower and eyewash units but shall not replace them, according to the ANSI standards. They must be assembled according to the manufacturer's instructions, installed according to the ANSI requirements and have a flow rate of 3 gals. per minute. Drench hoses should be able to be activated in 1 second or less and have a stay-open valve that remains on until the user shuts it off. Like eyewash units, drench hoses must be within 10 seconds and on the same level as the hazard, in a well-lit area and identified with a sign.

Plumbed eye/face, shower stations and drench hoses should be activated weekly to ensure proper operation. All eye/face and shower stations shall be inspected annually to make sure they meet the ANSI Z358.1 requirements. Gravity-fed stations should be maintained according to the manufacturer's recommendations. In addition, all employees who might be exposed to a chemical splash should be trained in the use of the eyewash or shower.

Eyesaline® Two-bottle Eyewash Station   Fendall® Portra Stream II® Eyewash Station

Eyesaline® Two-bottle Eyewash Station
(Item No. E507)


 
 

Fendall® Portra Stream II® Eyewash Station
(Item No. E200)

Bradley® Halo® Eyewash/Showern   Bradley® Drench Hose

Bradley® Halo® Eyewash/Shower
(Item No. 181805)

 

Bradley® Drench Hose
(Item No. 109443)

Pruner Blades

There are three types of blades on the pruners we carry: bypass, cut-and-hold and anvil. Each type is best suited for a specific use.

Bypass pruner blade are the most common. They work like a pair of scissor blades, with the edges of both blades meeting and overlapping as they close. They are best for cutting green growth.

Cut-and-hold blades are bypass blades with attachments that pinch the clipping, holding it in place instead of allowing it to drop from where it was cut. While these attachments make cleanup after pruning easier, they decrease the cutting capacity of the pruner.

Anvil blades have a straight, sharpened upper blade and a flat lower blade. The lower blade holds the branch in place while the upper blade cuts through it. Anvil blades work best for dry, hard and old growth.

Felco #4   Felco #100   Felco #31

The Felco #4 pruner
has bypass-type blades
(Item No. F4)

 

The Felco #100
is a cut-and-hold-type
pruner
(Item No. 125849)

 

The Felco #31 is an anvil pruner
(Item No. 167855)

Traction Devices for Footwear

It can be treacherous walking outside during the winter months, so it may be necessary to have traction devices for your footwear to safely navigate your way through packed snow and ice. There are several things you may wish to consider when choosing traction devices for your shoes or boots.

Traction devices for footwear come in primarily two different styles: pull-on or built-in. Pull-on devices are pulled over boots and shoes to provide stable footing in snow and ice, and they also allow you to wear the boots indoors by merely removing the device. Built-in devices have traction integrated into the footwear that cannot be removed. This option is convenient and effective but tends to be more expensive.

Pull-on styles include coiled devices and spiked devices. Coiled versions are fixed to the shoe with stretchy rubber cables that are wrapped or coiled in wires where the device comes in contact with the ground. They can be attached to about any style of shoe or boot. Spiked versions are similar to coiled ones with rubber cables or a harness, but rather than wire coils, they incorporate metals spikes that dig into snow or ice.

Some built-in styles have metal studs, tips or spikes molded directly into the outsole of the footwear. Another version allows for the traction implements to be screwed in or out of a threaded hole in the outsole, which means the studs can be replaced when worn out or damaged. A big asset of built-in devices is that they do not slip off your shoes or boots no matter how vigorous the activity.

There is also a hybrid of the two styles that combines features of both. The hybrid has metal studs, tips or spikes embedded into a rigid or semi-rigid platform that attaches to the outsole of the shoes or boots through straps or a harness. The traction platform can be removed from the boots or shoes when headed indoors, and the traction implements are often replaceable.

Stabilicers ice cleats anti-skid detachable soles   Yaktrax traction devices for shoes and boots

Stabilicers ice cleats anti-skid detachable soles
(Item No. G31032)

 

Yaktrax traction devices for shoes and boots
(Item No. 134432)

Rust Converter vs. Evapo-Rust

Rust Converter and Evapo-Rust are both great ways to treat rust problems, but they work very differently.

Rust Converter transforms rust into an inert, black surface that seals out moisture and prevents future rust formation. This protection is enhanced when painted over with an oil-based or epoxy-based paint. It is usually brushed or rolled on like paint, but can be sprayed using an airless sprayer. Spray cans of Rust Converter are also available for smaller projects or hard-to-reach areas.

Evapo-Rust removes rust, but the rusty object must be immersed in it from 10 minutes for light rust to up to 24 hours for heavy rust. It can't be sprayed or brushed on because it will evaporate before the rust can be removed. When the rust is gone, just rinse the object with water. You can then proceed with painting or coating the object if you choose to do so.

Selection mainly depends upon the size of the rusty object. Rust Converter is a better choice for larger objects such as fences, roofs and implements because it is usually not feasible to immerse large objects in Evapo-Rust. For smaller objects such as hand tools and wheels, Evapo-Rust is a better choice because they can be easily immersed.

Shelf life is also an important consideration. Rust Converter has a 9-month shelf life, while Evapo-Rust has an indefinite shelf life. Evapo-Rust can be reused until it no longer removes rust. If any of the bath evaporates, it can be refilled with tap water. The bath is completely spent when it turns black and will no longer remove rust.

Rust Converter   Evapo-Rust

Rust Converter

 

Evapo-Rust

Worker Protection Standard Basics

The Worker Protection Standard (WPS) is in place to protect employees against work-related exposure to agricultural pesticides. It covers farm, forestry, greenhouse and nursery employers that hire or contract employees, or are responsible for doing agricultural tasks such as weeding, planting, cultivating, harvesting or other tasks involved in the production of agricultural plants. More specifically, the standard applies to those who directly handle or hire employees to handle pesticides, including those that mix, load, apply or do other tasks that may bring them in direct contact with pesticides.

The WPS standard requires agricultural pesticide users and/or employers of agricultural workers or pesticide handlers to provide information about exposure to pesticides. This includes, pesticide safety training for workers and handlers, pesticide safety posters, access to labeling information, and centrally located information on specific pesticide treatments. The employer also must ensure that employees will be protected from exposure to pesticides through the use of personal protective equipment and by limiting access/notifying employees of areas being treated. Finally, the employer must provide ways to limit or reduce further pesticide exposure by having decontamination supplies and emergency assistance information available to employees.

GEMPLER'S has a full offering of WPS products. They include training and compliance products, personal protection, posting, and record keeping information.

WPS Starter Kit   WPS Warning Sign

The WPS Starter Kit includes all supplies necessary for central posting, field posting and worker training.
(Item No. WPS50)

 

The WPS Warning Sign is used to limit access to treated areas. The signs are EPA accepted and have the correct legend and legend size as specified by the WPS standard.
(Item No. D2310)

Preventing Winter Deer Browse

Deer browse can cause a significant amount of damage to your trees and shrubs over the winter. Dormant plants and snow cover decreases the amount of food available to deer, causing them to seek out plants they would otherwise leave alone.

When pressure and damage from deer is light to moderate in severity, scent- and taste-based spray-on repellents are good options to make the plants less attractive and palatable to deer. Spray-on repellent formulas are easy to apply to the plant with a lawn-and-garden-type sprayer and don't detract from the winter landscape.

While repellents are often useful in deterring light deer browse, they are not a guaranteed way to eliminate deer damage. During hard winters when the available food is low, deer often ignore repellents of any sort and will eat any plant material available.

When the deer problem in your area is moderate to high, fencing will likely be the most effective option.A physical barrier that prevents the deer from getting to your plants is often the only way to ensure the deer don't eat your plants.

Plantskydd® Ready-To-Use Animal Repellent   Deer Fencing

Plantskydd® Ready-To-Use Animal Repellent spray-on formula provides up to 6 months of protection over winter.
(Item No. G71950)

 

Deer fencing creates a physical barrier that prevents deer from eating your trees and shrubs.
(Item No. RLG40)

What is a Roof Scraper?

The buildup of snow on your roof is never a good thing, and there are a number of reasons to remove most of it. A roof scraper, sometimes called a roof rake, is an effective tool designed specifically to take snow off the roof.

The entire roof of many one-story structures can be cleared with a roof scraper, some of which have extensions to increase reach. The scraper can also be used to clear the overhanging snow from taller or multi-story buildings.

When using a roof scraper, eliminate snow from the overhangs first and work your way toward the top of the roof, taking 1 ft. or so of snow off with each pull. It's important not to try to pull too much snow off at one time because it will compromise the effectiveness of the scraper.

Keeping snow from building up on your roof reduces the chance of ice dams, which cause water to back up under shingles. Without ice dams, it is less likely your roof will leak and damage the interior your home or business. Plus, the chance of damage to the exterior of the roof is lessened.

Removing snow keeps excess weight off your roof, minimizing the chance of a cave-in. As a rule of thumb, 1 sq. ft. of snow that is 1" deep weighs about 1 lb., so a roof covered with 12" of snow may easily have thousands of pounds of additional weight stress on it.

By using a roof rake to prevent too much snow from piling up on the roof, it will be much harder for ice dams to form and the additional weight will be removed from the structure.

Midwest Rake 16-ft. roof scraper with three-piece handle   Midwest Rake 16-ft. roof scraper with four-piece handle

Midwest Rake 16-ft. roof scraper
with three-piece handle
(Item No. G96022)

 

Midwest Rake 16-ft. roof scraper
with four-piece handle
(Item No. 167606)

What are Overboots and Overshoes?

As their names imply, an overboot is designed to be worn over work or dress boots, while an overshoe is designed to go over work or dress shoes. Overboots range in height from 10" to 18", while overshoes are 4" or 5" tall. Both can be pull-on or have snaps – either metal or plastic – that close over a gusset.

Rubber and PVC are the most common materials that overboots and overshoes are made from, although Neos® overboots are made from specially treated waterproof nylon. Each material has advantages and disadvantages.

Natural rubber stretches well, making them easier to put on. It is more resistant to cuts or punctures, and it remains supple in cold temperatures, although rubber is not recommended for prolonged contact with petroleum- or oil-based products.

PVC is generally more chemical resistant than rubber and is compatible for use around many acids, bases, alkalis, alcohols, oils and petroleum hydrocarbons. However, it doesn't stretch as well nor stay as supple as rubber in cold temperatures.

Neos® overboots are lightweight and very easy to put on, accommodating a wide variety of boots and shoes – even orthopedic footwear. Their compact size makes them a good choice when traveling, but they have little chemical resistance.

The size you purchase depends on the type of boot or shoe to be worn in the overboot or overshoe. If it has a thin sole (less than ½"), consider going one size larger; if it has a thick sole (more than ½") or an aggressive tread, consider going two sizes larger. Sizing does vary by style, and many manufacturers will have their own sizing guidelines.

Servus™ 5-buckle 15" rubber overboot   Neos® Villager™ 160-denier nylon upper overboot

Servus™ 5-buckle 15" rubber overboot
(Item No. T369)

 

Neos® Villager™ 160-denier nylon upper overboot
(Item No. 134148)

What are Pac Boots?

As their names imply, an overboot is designed to be worn over work or dress boots, while an overshoe is designed to go over work or dress shoes. Overboots range in height from 10" to 18", while overshoes are 4" or 5" tall. Both can be pull-on or have snaps – either metal or plastic – that close over a gusset.

Rubber and PVC are the most common materials that overboots and overshoes are made from, although Neos® overboots are made from specially treated waterproof nylon. Each material has advantages and disadvantages.

Natural rubber stretches well, making them easier to put on. It is more resistant to cuts or punctures, and it remains supple in cold temperatures, although rubber is not recommended for prolonged contact with petroleum- or oil-based products.

PVC is generally more chemical resistant than rubber and is compatible for use around many acids, bases, alkalis, alcohols, oils and petroleum hydrocarbons. However, it doesn't stretch as well nor stay as supple as rubber in cold temperatures.

Neos® overboots are lightweight and very easy to put on, accommodating a wide variety of boots and shoes – even orthopedic footwear. Their compact size makes them a good choice when traveling, but they have little chemical resistance.

The size you purchase depends on the type of boot or shoe to be worn in the overboot or overshoe. If it has a thin sole (less than ½"), consider going one size larger; if it has a thick sole (more than ½") or an aggressive tread, consider going two sizes larger. Sizing does vary by style, and many manufacturers will have their own sizing guidelines.

Servus™ 5-buckle 15" rubber overboot   Neos® Villager™ 160-denier nylon upper overboot

Servus™ 5-buckle 15" rubber overboot
(Item No. T369)

 

Neos® Villager™ 160-denier nylon upper overboot
(Item No. 134148)

Choosing Tire Chains

Tire chains can provide the necessary traction for vehicles or machinery that must be operated in slick conditions, whether it's snow and ice or mud and sand.

Before selecting tire chains for your vehicle, you should check the owner's manual for any clearance restrictions on traction devices. If there are none, you need to determine the size of the chains to be used on your vehicle or machinery; ill-fitting chains do not last as long and could damage the vehicle or equipment, or cause injury to the operator.

Because proper fit is vital to performance, you need to make certain of the size chains to be used on your tires. Chain sizing is based on the size of the tire they go on, and you can find that size on the sidewall of the tire. It should be noted that some tire chains fit on multiple sizes of tires. The next step is to determine the appropriate vehicle category, such as passenger car, truck/bus, tractor, or off-road and select an appropriate chain.

There are different types of chains for different applications. Reinforced bar chains provide even better traction than standard tire chains, while DUO grip tractor tire chains are designed to put more of the chain on the face of the tire, riding higher on the lugs rather than falling into the grooves. Dual triple truck chains are required for trucks with dual rear wheels; you should not put two single sets of chains on dual tires.

Tire chains are generally designed for low-speed applications, less than 30 mph. You should accelerate and decelerate slowly, and avoid spinning or locking up the wheels. Never drive a vehicle or operate machinery with broken chains on a tire.

Reinforced Bar Truck Tire Chains   DUO Grip Tractor Tire Chains

Reinforced Bar Truck Tire Chains
(Item No. 12816)

 

DUO Grip Tractor Tire Chains
(Item No. 10254)

Thinsulate™ Insulation

3M™ Thinsulate™ insulation is a unique synthetic thermal fiber that provides insulation without bulk. It can be found in jackets, pants, gloves, hats and other apparel, as well as boots for when it's cold outside.

The fibers that make up Thinsulate work by trapping air molecules between your body and the outside. The more air molecules trapped in a given space the better it insulates you from the cold air. Because the fibers that make up Thinsulate are finer than those used in most other synthetic or natural insulation, they trap more air in less space.

Thinsulate fibers are about 15 microns in diameter, which is about 10 times thinner than other synthetic fibers used to provide insulation in many types of apparel. According to 3M, when compared to other insulations of equal thickness, Thinsulate provides about 1-½ times the warmth of down and about twice the warmth of other high-loft insulations.

Original Thinsulate is still considered one of the warmest clothing insulations available in the industry. However, Thinsulate Ultra goes a step further. It is loftier and thicker than the original for even greater warmth and cold weather comfort but still thin enough to allow complete freedom of movement.

Neither repeated machine washing nor dry cleaning affects the performance of Thinsulate. Tests have shown that its average "clo" a measure of the ability of an insulation to keep you warm remains relatively unchanged after repeated cleanings.

Carhartt® Leather Driver's Gloves insulated with C100 Thinsulate™   Wolverine® Gore-Tex® Leather Boots insulated with 600 grams of Thinsulate™ Ultra

Carhartt® Leather Driver's Gloves insulated
with C100 Thinsulate™
(Item No. 198193)

 

Wolverine® Gore-Tex® Leather Boots insulated
with 600 grams of Thinsulate™ Ultra
(Item No. G33850)

Carhartt® Linings

Carhartt® has many different linings in its outerwear product line, but which one is best for you depends upon the conditions you will wear it in and the activity to be undertaken. Here is a rundown of the linings, from warm to warmest:

Thermal Lining: Warm yet lightweight 100% polyester thermal weave with about the same thickness as a flannel shirt.

Fleece Lining: Lightweight, 100% polyester insulation that is a good choice for active work. It is slightly thicker than the thermal lining.

Blanket Lining: Medium-weight acrylic-polyester blend insulation in stripes or plaid with the texture of a blanket. It is slightly thicker than the fleece lining.

Nylon Quilt Lining: Red or black quilted nylon taffeta with a lightweight polyester fill. It is thicker than the blanket lining but not considered bulky.

Sherpa Lining: A thick and soft pile lining made from 100% polyester high-loft fleece that is very warm but lightweight. It is thicker than the nylon quilt lining.

Quilted Flannel Lining: Has the feel of a flannel shirt but the brushed polyester tricot is quilted to medium-weight polyester batting. It is thicker than the Sherpa lining.

Arctic-grade Quilt Lining: Nylon taffeta quilted to heavyweight, high-loft polyester batting to make it Carhartt's warmest and thickest lining.

Carhartt's different linings are designed for use in different situations, so it doesn't mean that one is better than the other, only more appropriate for a particular application.

Carhartt® linings

Carhartt® linings, from warm to warmest, are: thermal, fleece, blanket, quilted,
Sherpa, quilted flannel and arctic-grade quilt.

Animal Baits and Lures

Once you've decided to live-trap a nuisance animal and determined the type and size of the trap you plan to use, there are still a number of considerations you will have to work out before actually proceeding.

When considering where to place the trap, think about the particular species. A successful trapper knows the habits of the target animal, including what they like to eat, where they look for food and the trials they use.

Use baits and lures that encourage and entice the target animal into the trap while discouraging others from poking around it. Spread a small amount of bait right outside the trap door – think appetizer before the main course – so the animal can get a taste of what's inside. Place the bait under the trap pan so the animal will have to work a little harder to get at it and make it more likely it will spring the trap mechanism.

Always use extreme caution when releasing the trapped animal. You should wear appropriate clothing: leather or padded gloves, a shirt or jacket with long sleeves, and long pants. It is important to release a wild animal in an appropriate habitat, one that provides sufficient resources for it to survive. Trapped animals, whether wild or domesticated, can be unpredictable, so be prepared for any response.

Kishel's Crossbreed Lure   Kishel's Soft Call Beaver Lure

Kishel's Crossbreed Lure
for several different species
(Item No. 127626)

 

Kishel's Soft Call Beaver Lure
(Item No. 134529)

Animal Live Traps

If you have an unwanted or troublesome animal on your land or around your buildings, live traps provide you with a safe and humane means to catch, transfer and release it.

It is important to get a live trap that is the proper size for the animal you are looking to capture. If it's too small, the trap may not capture the animal. If it's too big, the animal could hurt itself while inside. There are also several different styles of traps, and you want to consider the one that best meets your needs.

  • A single-door live trap has - as the name implies - only one door. The trap is baited and set through this door. Once the animal enters, it is captured after the door is tripped. This door is also used for release.

  • A rear-door live trap has two doors. The door in the front is where the animal enters the trap and is captured after it is tripped. The rear door is used to bait the trap and release the captured animal.

  • A collapsible two-door trap generally has the same features as the rear-door trap, but it is designed to fold down to a more compact size for convenient transport and storage.

Before setting the trap, find out if any local laws prohibit the trapping of the target animal and consider the type of animal, the time of year and potential risks involved. Wash the trap with soap and hot water before placement, and wear gloves when handling it and bait to avoid transferring your scent.

48" x 15" x 22" Rear-door Live Trap with a sliding back door   18" x 5" x 5" Single-door Live Trap

A 48" x 15" x 22" Rear-door Live Trap
with a sliding back door
(Item No. 72848)

 

An 18" x 5" x 5" Single-door Live Trap
(Item No. RHV18)

Green Lawnger® Turf Colorant

Use Green Lawnger® to green up dormant (non-growing) grass in the fall and winter months as well as non-dormant (growing) grass during the spring, summer and fall. The color from Green Lawnger lasts 10 to 14 weeks or until the turf is mowed.

Green Lawnger is mixed with water, with the ratio determined by the type of grass and the desired color. For dormant grass, mix 1 part colorant with 7 to 9 parts water; for non-dormant grass, mix 1 part Green Lawnger with 15 to 20 parts water. It is OK to experiment with ratios by adding more or less colorant to the mix, depending on how dark you want the color. Always test the mix on a small area of lawn in an out-of-the-way spot, letting it dry thoroughly to see how it will appear.

Ideally, Green Lawnger should be applied on dry days in temperatures above 40°F, after the morning dew has dried and before the evening dew sets in. The colorant is dry to the touch in about 45 minutes.

Apply the colorant with any type of sprayer. You can use anything from handheld to backpack sprayers, or larger spot and pull-behind trailer sprayers.

Green Lawnger can be mixed with herbicide, pesticides and other turf or lawn chemicals. Be sure to follow the mixing instructions for the chemicals and use all safety precautions associated with it.

When applied as directed, Green Lawnger is safe to use around children, but you should take steps to ensure that it is properly stored and kept out of their reach. It is not harmful to pets that have ingested grass treated with the colorant.

Green Lawnger® in the 1-gal. container   Green Lawnger® in the 1-liter bottle

Green Lawnger® in the 1-gal. container
(Item No. 109955)

 

Green Lawnger® in the 1-liter bottle
(Item No. 109954)

Breathable vs. Non-breathable Rainwear

Customers frequently ask the GEMPLER'S Tech Product Support team two common questions "Is breathable rainwear actually waterproof?" and "Are non-breathable styles comfortable?"

Breathable rainwear has a micro-porous coating with holes so small that it keeps the rain out for an extended period of time but does not trap in perspiration like non-breathable ones. This rainwear is considered waterproof in accordance with industry standards, meaning it repels water until the fabric reaches the saturation point and precipitation seeps through.

Non-breathable rainwear does not have a micro-pore coating and is considered 100% waterproof. Breathable rainwear is lighter and more comfortable than non-breathable.

Rainwear with PVC (polyvinyl chloride) and PU (polyurethane) coatings are considered waterproof, although some manufacturers call their PU-coated rainwear breathable. However, to be truly breathable, rainwear must be constructed with a membrane such as Gore-Tex® or a coating that contains micro-pores that allow body heat and perspiration to escape while keeping precipitation out for a minimum period of time.

Gore-Tex is considered by many to be the best among breathable materials. Rainwear with Gore-Tex layers the Gore-Tex fabric between an outer shell and an inner lining to create a waterproof membrane. The micro-pores of Gore-Tex are about 20,000 times smaller than a drop of water. It is considered waterproof based on industry standards, but eventually precipitation will get through.

GEMPLER'S Low-cost PVC Rainwear with Pants   Gore-Tex® Breathable Rain Jacket from WaterShed®

GEMPLER'S Low-cost PVC Rainwear with Pants
(Item No. 167460)

 

Gore-Tex® Breathable Rain Jacket
from WaterShed®
(Item No. G29388)

Grain Moisture Testers

Most every business examines costs and looks for places to cut expenditures, and grain farmers are no different. A grain moisture tester is one relatively inexpensive and easy-to-use tool that can help save money at harvest time and pay for itself numerous times over.

Accurate moisture tests enable farmers to effectively manage and market grain. Inaccurate results can lead to several problems, including:

  1. Spoilage if the grain is too wet and placed in low temperature drying bins

  2. Extra drying costs and combine losses if grain is harvested wetter than necessary

  3. Moisture shrinkage and drying charges when grain is sold too wet

  4. Extra drying costs and loss of value when grain is dried below the market standard

Experts state that accurate gain moisture testing can add to the bottom line in drying costs; shrink discounts; grain-quality discounts; and specific use premiums, such as meeting ethanol specifications for corn.

There are two types of grain moisture testers: portable or handheld testers that provide quick results in the field, and benchtop models that are more accurate and well-suited for grain that is to be stored.

GEMPLER'S carries portable testers from AgraTronix (Item Nos. 109740, G75616 and G70100) and Dickey-john® (Item Nos. 151464 and 151465). These testers are easy to use and have varying degrees of sophistication to test a wide range of grains.

MT-16 from AgraTronix   Mini-GAC® Plus from Dickey-john®

The MT-16 from AgraTronix
can test 16 different types of grain
(Item No. 109740)

 

The mini-GAC® plus from Dickey-john®
can test up to 450 grains and products
(Item No. 151465)

Tire Gauges

It's one of the most overlooked and neglected aspects of routine vehicle maintenance, but it is something that can save you money and more. Checking and keeping proper tire pressure is simple and can prevent unnecessary wear on the tires, save money at the gas pump and improve a vehicle's handling.

Low pressure can cause your tires to wear out faster and negatively affect fuel efficiency, while high pressure can make your vehicle difficult to handle and potentially create a dangerous situation. Most tire experts suggest checking your tire pressure at least once a month, and the desired operating pressure is usually listed on the tire's sidewall.

GEMPLER'S® carries several types of tire gauges, including digital ones (Item Nos. 127627 and 127628), pencil-style devices (Item Nos. 8D, G925, G7229 and M923), and one gauge (Item No. G65001) that works on both standard- and large-bore valve stems.

Most tire gauges used in the United States measure pressure in psi or pounds per square inch, while other countries have gauges that read in bars, which stands for 1 million dynes per square centimeter. Others measure in kPa or kilopascals. One bar is equivalent to 14.5 psi or 100 kPa, and 1 psi is equivalent to around 7.5 kPa.

Item No. 127628, which is a digital pocket-style gauge, provides readings in all three measurements standards.

Pressure Inc. digital pocket tire gauge   Pressure Inc. digital pocket tire gauge   Pressure Inc. digital pocket tire gauge

The Pressure Inc. digital pocket tire gauge (Item No. 127628) has measurements in all three categories; from left to right, the readings are in psi (with a range of 2.0-99.5), bar (0.15-7.00) and kPa (15-700).

Drip Irrigation

At a time when conserving water is an environmental necessity and an economic reality, drip irrigation takes both of those factors into consideration to make it an effective means to water plants.

Drip irrigation, which applies water slowly and directly to the soil, is one of the most efficient – if not the most – methods of irrigating, with 90% or higher efficiency. That efficiency results because the water tends to soak into the soil before it can evaporate or run off, and it is applied only where it is needed, which is at the plants' roots, and that adds up to less wasted water. Sprinkler systems tend to have an efficiency of between 75 to 85% and often times provide little control over where the water is applied, having to come through the leaf canopy before reaching the soil and ultimately the roots. In addition, drip irrigation systems are inexpensive and easy to install. They are less complicated and far less costly than in-ground irrigation systems, while standard sprinklers often put water where it isn't needed, costing you money.

Drip irrigation can bring water to hard-to-reach locations, and its flexibility allows you to water anything from hanging baskets to rows of corn.

We carry Underhill™ MicroEase™ drip irrigation kits (147717 and 147718) along with the gardener's drip irrigation kit from Rain Bird® (163174). In addition, we stock replacement parts, which can also be used to build your own drip irrigation system if you don't want to go for the complete kit, for both the Underhill™ and Rain Bird® kits.

Underhill™ MicroEase™ small area drip irrigation kit   Rain Bird® gardener drip irrigation kit

Components of Underhill™ MicroEase™
small area drip irrigation kit
(Item No. 147717)

 

Components of Rain Bird®
gardener drip irrigation kit
(Item No. 163174)

Mulch Magic®

Mulch Magic® can be used to easily and quickly freshen up faded mulch. Bright brown gives mulch the look of cedar or pine straw; dark brown gives it the appearance of eastern hardwood bark; black gives mulch the coloring of walnut or oak bark; red gives it the look of redwood.

The mixing ratio is 3 to 4 oz. Mulch Magic to 1 gal. water – that treats roughly 200 to 400 sq. ft. You can adjust the color by adding more or less colorant to the ratio. Always test the mix on a small area of mulch, letting it dry thoroughly to see how it looks with a particular kind of mulch. Two applications provide the best color, and you should wait 2 to 5 minutes between applications to enhance the results. Apply the colorant at least 30 minutes before watering or rainfall. For most types of mulch, the color lasts for more than a year, with gradual fading.

Apply Mulch Magic with a backpack or handheld sprayer. It washes off most green plants without adverse staining but care should be taken to avoid accidental spraying on flowers, concrete, light stones or other porous surfaces, because it may cause permanent staining.

The materials used to make Mulch Magic are naturally occurring colors found in the earth's surface. These colorants, as well as the other ingredients in it, are specially formulated to be nontoxic to plants and animals. People should wear gloves and coveralls to prevent skin contact when mixing and applying, and can check the MSDS for additional control measures.

Mulch Magic® 1-gal. dark brown color   Mulch Magic® red

Mulch Magic® 1-gal. dark brown color
(Item No. 109951)

 

Mulch after it's been treated with Mulch Magic® red
(Item No. 109953)

Insect Shield Apparel

Insect Shield® hats and clothing are made from a fabric that includes permethrin, which is a man-made insect repellent that has been used in the U.S. as an EPA-registered product since 1977. The process binds the proprietary permethrin formula tightly to fabric fibers for effective, odorless insect protection.

Insect Shield apparel has been proven and registered to repel mosquitoes, ticks, ants, flies, chiggers and midges, which are also known as no-see-ums. Many species of these insects have been tested, including those that can carry dangerous diseases. The hats and clothing put this insect repellency near your skin, instead of on it, and the protection is invisible. In addition, it is long lasting, so no reapplication is necessary.

The repellency of Insect Shield is EPA-registered to last through 70 launderings, which is the expected lifetime of a garment. It is also well beyond the life of most performance finishes commonly used in the technical-apparel industry.

For items that can be washed, normal home laundering is recommended. Insect Shield repellent apparel may also be bleached, starched and pressed without effect on the repellent quality; however, it should not be dry-cleaned.

Insect Shield® hiker-style hat with chin chord   Ergodyne® Insect Shield® Class 2 hi-vis vests

Insect Shield® hiker-style hat with chin chord
(Item No. 167415)

 

Ergodyne® Insect Shield® Class 2 hi-vis vests
(Item No. 160513)

Roller Pumps

Roller pumps are some of the most popular and dependable pumps for a myriad of agricultural tasks. They can be used to spray or transfer a variety of fluids, including herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, liquid fertilizers, and many other non-abrasive liquids.

These pumps contain rollers that revolve inside the pump housing to force the spray solution through the outlet to the nozzle. Roller pumps can be operated by power take off, gas engine or electric motor drives. PTOs are a common way to drive the pump, which can be operated efficiently at PTO speeds of 540 and 1,000 rpm; the pressure range is up to 300 psi, while the flow rate is between 2 to 62 gpm. Confirm shaft rotation before installing the roller pump to the PTO.

GEMPLER'S carries two styles of Hypro® roller pumps: the 4- and 6-roller cast iron pumps (Item Nos. 162403 and 162405), and the 4- and 6-roller Silver Series XL™ pumps (Item Nos. 162404 and 162406). Hypro® Silver Series XL™ is a corrosive-resistant custom alloy that can last up to 10 times longer than other roller pumps.

Cast iron roller pumps don't hold up well when used with glyphosate pesticides like Roundup® and many liquid fertilizers, while Silver Series XL™ ones do. If you plan to spray Roundup or another glyphosate-based herbicide or nitrogen-rich fertilizers (up to 32%), consider a Silver Series XL™ pump because it can withstand the corrosive nature of those products better than a cast iron one.

Hypro® 4-roller cast iron pump   Hypro® 6-roller Silver Series XL™ pump

Hypro® 4-roller cast iron pump
(Item No. 162403)

 

Hypro® 6-roller Silver Series XL™ pump
(Item No. 162406)

Watering Hose Fittings

Most standard watering hoses come with two different sized fittings, also known as couplers, depending upon the inside diameter (I.D.) of the hose. Hoses with a 5/8" or 3/4" I.D. have a 3/4" garden hose thread (GHT) fitting, while hoses with a 1" I.D. usually have either a 1" national pipe thread (NPT) fitting or a 1" national pipe straight hose (NPSH) fitting.

The various fittings, however, are not interchangeable in large part because the number of threads per inch is different on them. Here are the standard watering hose couplers that will together:

Fitting type:

Compatible with these fittings:

Male GHT

Female GHT

Female GHT

Male GHT

Male NPT

Female NPT and Female NPSH

Female NPT

Male NPT

Male NPSH

Female NPSH

Female NPSH

Male NPSH and Male NPT

We also carry adapters that allow you to convert from different 3/4" male fittings to the various 1" female fittings as well as going from 1" female fittings down to 3/4" male couplers.

Gilmour® Flexogen® 8-ply hose with 3/4" I.D. and 100 ft. long with GHT fittings   Kochek extreme-duty PVC irrigation hose with 1" I.D. and 100 ft. long with NPSH couplers

Gilmour® Flexogen® 8-ply hose with 3/4" I.D.
and 100 ft. long with GHT fittings
(Item No. 125866)

 

Kochek extreme-duty PVC irrigation hose with 1" I.D.
and 100 ft. long with NPSH couplers
(Item No. 192966)

Fertilizer Spikes

Fertilizer spikes are small stakes that can be driven into the ground to provide nutrients to aid plant growth.

The label will list a series of three numbers, also known as NPK; the first number represents nitrogen, the second phosphorus, and the third potassium. Nitrogen helps with leaf development and promotes photosynthesis, phosphorus helps maintain and speed up root growth, and potassium encourages root development and disease resistance.

If you are using tree spikes, place them along the tree's drip line (the ground-level ring around the tree canopy that receives most of the rainwater shed from the canopy) and up to four feet apart, while, if you are using spikes for shrubs or plants, place them around 12 inches apart. Put the cap on top of the spike, and place the stake in the ground at a 45-degree angle; you may need a hammer to drive it in.

Most spikes will provide a slow release of nutrients all season long. For optimal results, they should be used in early spring and late fall.

The outdoor tree and shrub fertilizer stakes we carry (Item Nos. G42701, G42711 and G42712) are sold by the case and there are approximately 160 stakes per case. However, the cases are measured by weight, and not the number of stakes, so there could be less – or more – than 160 stakes in it.

Tree and shrub fertilizer stakes for evergreens   Tree and shrub fertilizer stakes for fruit and ornamentals

Tree and shrub fertilizer stakes
for evergreens
(Item No. G42701)

 

Tree and shrub fertilizer stakes
for fruit and ornamentals
(Item No. G42712)

Poison Ivy, Oak or Sumac Exposure

The signs of exposure to poison ivy, oak or sumac can vary from mild to severe, but the allergic reaction will appear in 12 to 48 hours of contact with the urushiol oil as a line or streak of rashes. Redness and swelling begins between 12 and 72 hours after contact and is often followed by blisters and severe itching.

Post-contact cleansers remove the poisonous oils from poison ivy, oak or sumac after exposure to any of them. Soap and water does not remove that oil, which may continue to irritate skin for up to 3 days after contact with it. Specially designed sprays and gels can provide relief from the burning and itching associated with exposure to these oils.

Pre-contact lotions and towelettes should be applied to your skin prior to potential exposure to poison ivy, oak or sumac, while oral prevention should be mixed with water or juice and drank before possible exposure. The lotions prevent the oil from absorbing into your skin, while the oral remedies stimulate your natural defenses against them.

The rash can last from several days to more than five weeks, depending upon treatment and how severely you react to the urushiol oil. Once you have the rash and the oil is absorbed into your skin, it is unlikely you will spread it to others; the fluid inside of blisters is mostly water and will not spread the rash.

Click here and here for more information about poison oak, ivy and sumac.

Tecnu® Extreme scrub   IvyX™ pre-contact solution

Tecnu® Extreme scrub is a post-contact cleanser that comes in 4-oz. bottles (125796) and foil packet towelettes
(173413)

 

IvyX™ pre-contact solution comes in 4-oz. flip-top bottles (10616) and foil-packet towelettes
(10976)

Snake Protection

Venomous snakes can be a problem around the country, but snake chaps, also known as snake leggings, and snake gaiters can be effective defenses against their bites. Chaps provide protection for your entire leg, while gaiters cover from the knee down to the foot.

Snake chaps slip over your pants and hook on to your belt to provide complete leg to foot protection. Chaps, often considered the most effective snake protective clothing, can be a good choice if you live where snakes can be found off the ground or grow to a size that enables them to strike above the knee. Snake gaiters are secured snugly around the lower leg to provide below-the-knee protection, often times covering the foot too. Gaiters are lighter and more comfortable than chaps, and work well in areas where snakes tend to be less than 4 feet long. (Snakes can strike from a distance of about half their length.)

Some styles of snake chaps and gaiters use impact-resistant inserts to prevent punctures wounds, while others rely on heavy and tight-woven fabric for defense. Some incorporate a combination of both to prevent snake fangs from penetrating the protective clothing and reaching the wearer's legs.

Chain saw chaps, lawn chaps or strap chaps shouldn't be used as snake chaps because they are not designed to and may not prevent punctures from a snake's fangs penetrating through to the wearer's leg.

Snake Chapz™   Snake Guardz™

Snake Chapz™ provide full leg protection
through heavy nylon fabric and inserts
(Item No. G11052)

 

Snake Guardz™ use heavy nylon fabric
and inserts to protect the lower legs
(Item No. G11060)

Shanked Boots

The shank is a metal or heavy-duty composite strip (constructed from plastic, fiberglass, Kevlar or other material) located within the midsole – between the outsole and insole – that reinforces the wearer's arch and provides support to the bottom of the boot.

The shank helps provide stability to the wearer when going up and down hillsides as well as when walking on uneven terrain. Because of its rigid structure and location within the footwear, the shank affords some protection to a person's feet against hard objects and shields them against punctures through the outsole of the boot. However, its primary functions are support and stability, not protection.

A ½ shank, the most common type, goes from the heel area to the arch of the foot, while a 3/4 shank extends from the heel to the ball of the foot, and a full shank runs the full length of the boot from heel to toe.

Timberland Pro® 8" composite safety toe boots with fiberglass shank   Rocky® 8" Gore-Tex® insulated steel toe boot with steel shank

Timberland Pro® 8" composite safety toe boots
with fiberglass shank
(Item No. 145860)

 

Rocky® 8" Gore-Tex® insulated steel toe boot
with steel shank
(Item No. 160296)

Sun Protection

SPF stands for sun protection factor. The higher the SPF number, the more protection you have or the longer you can stay in the sun without burning. For example: sunscreen with an SPF of 15 will delay the onset of a sunburn for a person who would otherwise burn in 10 minutes to burn in 150 minutes; the SPF 15 sunscreen allows the person to stay out in the sun 15 times longer than without any protection. Sunscreen with an SPF 15 affords about 92% protection for UVB rays, SPF 30 provides roughly 97% protection, while sunscreen with SPF 45 or greater offers only about 1% increase in protection than does one with SPF 30.

The sun's rays are strongest between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., so it's particularly important to protect yourself during those hours; you should use sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 15 and liberally apply it to your body 20 to 30 minutes before sun exposure. However, you should always check the product label for specific application information. It should also be noted that SPF does not predict UVA protection.

UVB, the chief cause of skin reddening and sunburn, tends to damage the superficial epidermal layers, playing a key role in the development of skin cancer and contributing roles in tanning and photoaging. UVA penetrates the skin more deeply and can damage skin cells called keratinocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis where most skin cancers occur. It is believed that UVA contributes and may even initiate the development of skin cancers.

SunX® SPF 30+ sunscreen products in lotion, pouch and towelette form   Cotz™ SPF 58 sunscreen for sensitive skin

SunX® SPF 30+ sunscreen products
in lotion, pouch and towelette form
(Item No. WEB10157)

 

Cotz™ SPF 58 sunscreen for sensitive skin
(Item No. 165495)

Axes

Axe pattern refers to the shape and type of cutting edge. Standard patterns for double-bit axes are Western, Michigan, Swamping and Reversible, while for single-bit axes those patterns are Michigan, Dayton, Kentucky, Connecticut and New Jersey. There are few cutting differences among head patterns. Customers have particular preferences by style and historic acceptance in their localities.

GEMPLER'S carries single-bit Michigan and Pulaski axes. A Michigan axe, characterized by rounded ends on the back of the head, is a good chopping and cutting tool, while the blunt face of the head can be used to drive wood stakes. A Pulaski axe features a conventional axe blade at one end of the head and grubbing hoe on the other; it is a popular woodland firefighting tool and sometimes called a fireman's axe.

Corona® Michigan Axe   Council® Pulaski Axe

Corona® Michigan Axe
(Item No. 148017)

 

Council® Pulaski Axe
(Item No. 160755)

Safety Toe Boots

Steel toe boots have a steel toe cap built into the toe box to provide protection for the toes of the wearer. The toe cap is designed to meet specific ANSI/ASTM safety requirements for foot protection against both impact and compression.

Composite toe boots have a non-metallic toe cap built into the toe box to provide the wearer's toes with protection. The toe cap is non-magnetic and lighter in weight than the steel toe cap, and it meets the same ANSI/ASTM standards.

Steel toe boots are heavier than composite toe boots, but many people feel that the steel toe cap affords them more protection than the composite toe cap. Because of their weight, steel toe boots can be uncomfortable for people who must walk long distances or pass through metal detectors during the course of their workday.

John Deere Classic 6" Boot with Steel Toe   Georgia Boot® FLX point 8" Boot with Composite Safety Toe

John Deere Classic 6" Boot with Steel Toe
(Item No. 211645)

 

Georgia Boot® FLX point 8" Boot
with Composite Safety Toe
(Item No. 167477)

Leather Gloves

Cowhide – Most commonly used leather in work gloves. Durable and flexible, with good dexterity, abrasion resistance and puncture resistance. Excellent at blocking the cold.
Deerskin – Naturally soft and supple, with excellent dexterity.
Goatskin – High natural lanolin content makes them soft and pliable but very durable.
Pigskin – Tanned for toughness and pliability but still dries soft and flexible.

Compare Leather Glove Performance
GEMPLER'S cowhide gloves with drawstring wrist   Kinco® goatskin gloves with shirred wrist

GEMPLER'S cowhide gloves with drawstring wrist
(Item No. 650L)

 

Kinco® goatskin gloves with shirred wrist
(Item No. 8250)

Federal Labor Law Posters

Federal Labor Law posters (English, Item No. 166337, and Spanish, Item No. 166338) meet the current standards as mandated by the federal government. These laminated posters combine the five required notices: Employee Polygraph Protection; Job Safety and Health Protection; Federal Minimum Wage; EEOC Regulations and Family Medical Leave Act information.

Federal Labor Law poster in English   Federal Labor Law poster in Spanish

Federal Labor Law poster in English
(Item No. 166337)

 

Federal Labor Law poster in Spanish
(Item No. 166338)

Carabiners

Only triple-lock or auto-lock carabiners (Item No. 108625, for example) should be used for applications where roll-out or accidental opening is a concern because they are designed to prevent that from occurring. Non-locking carabiners (Item No. 175150, for example) can be used to haul or hold gear; they should not be used to support the weight of a person.

Auto-lock carabiner with a 2" gate   Large S-biner style non-locking carabiner

Auto-lock carabiner with a 2" gate
(Item No. 108625)

 

Large S-biner style non-locking carabiner
(Item No. 175150)

Chemical Protection

Sealed Seam – Produced when materials are lapped together at the seam and thermally welded.
Bound Seam – Tightly sewn with a reinforced outer binding.
Serged Seam – Uses interlocked threads to sew together the edges of two pieces of material. Also known as a "sewn seam."

Sealed, Bound and Serged Seam

When included with coveralls made from the appropriate outer material for a specific chemical application, sealed seams provide the best all-around protection, followed by bound seams, and serged seams.

However, seam construction is just one of the factors that should be considered when selecting coveralls for chemical protection.

DuPont™ Tychem® SL chemical protection coveralls with sealed seams   Zytron® 100 chemical protection suit with bound seams

DuPont™ Tychem® SL chemical protection coveralls
with sealed seams
(Item No. TSHC)

 

Zytron® 100 chemical protection suit
with bound seams
(Item No. 144846)

Long-Reach Pruners

Check out these ARS long-reach pruners available in two types of blades including the bypass and the cut-and-hold. The bypass blades are the traditional bypass style, making a clean cut through the branch. The cut-and-hold blades are similar to the bypass in that they make clean cuts but hold it in place for removal rather than letting the trimming drop down.

ARS 6- to 10-Foot Telescoping Pruner with Bypass Blades   ARS 4- to 7-Foot Telescoping Pruner with Cut-and-Hold Blades

ARS 6- to 10-Foot Telescoping Pruner
with Bypass Blades
(Item No. 148042)

 

ARS 4- to 7-Foot Telescoping Pruner
with Cut-and-Hold Blades
(Item No. 148039)

Employee Training

The Worker Protection Standard Central Posting Kit (G1019B) meets all central posting requirements of the Worker Protection Standard. The WPS Starter Kit (WPS50) includes all supplies necessary for central posting, field posting and worker training.

You'll find several EPA-accepted WPS training videos at GEMPLER'S for both pesticide handlers and agricultural workers. Bilingual worker and handler DVD (145767); English only worker and handler DVD (145768); English only handler DVD (156210), and Spanish only handler DVD (156211).

GEMPLER'S WPS Central Posting Kit   EPA-Accepted Bilingual Training DVD for Workers and Handlers

GEMPLER'S WPS Central Posting Kit
(Item No. G1019B)

 

EPA-Accepted Bilingual Training DVD
for Workers and Handlers
(Item No. 145767)

High-Visibility Clothing

According to current ANSI/ISEA standards for high-visibility clothing, Class 1 is necessary when workers are well separated from traffic and the nearby vehicle or equipment speed is less than 25 mph. Class 2 is necessary when workers are on or near roadways and the nearby vehicle or equipment speeds is 25 to 50 mph. Class 3 is necessary when workers are in high-risk situations and must be seen from a minimum distance of 1280 feet and nearby vehicle or equipment speed exceeds 50 mph.
ANSI compliant high-visibility break-away vests have 5 break-away points including both shoulders, both side seams and the front closure.

Carhartt ANSI Class 2 High-Visibility Safety Vest, Orange   ML Kishigo ANSI Class 3 High-Visibility Safety Vest, Lime

Carhartt ANSI Class 2 High-Visibility
Safety Vest, Orange
(Item No. 167555)

 

ML Kishigo ANSI Class 3 High-Visibility
Safety Vest, Lime
(Item No. 157891)

Bird Repellent Devices

Sonic bird repellent devices such as the Bird Gard units (109611, for example), incorporate distress calls of the target birds and predator calls to drive and keep the target birds away from a specific area. People can even hear the sounds. These devices are intended for outdoor use.

Ultrasonic bird repellent devices such as the QuadBlaster (84469), use ultra-high frequencies to create an irritating environment for the birds—driving and keeping them away from a specific location. People cannot hear the sounds. These devices are intended for indoor use.

Bird Gard Pro Standard Unit   QuadBlaster Ultrasonic Repeller

Bird Gard Pro Standard Unit
(Item No. 109611)

 

QuadBlaster Ultrasonic Repeller
(Item No. 84469)

Burlap

GEMPLER'S carries 7- and 10-oz. burlap rolls in both treated and untreated (186073). Square bales are available in 7- and 10-oz. burlap in both treated (186070) and untreated. Both types of burlap are biodegradable. Untreated burlap is primarily used as protective covering for plants and roots during transplanting, while long-lasting treated burlap is resistant to pests and rotting and used in the nursery industry for plant and tree root applications. The treated burlap has been treated with eco-friendly copper ammonia sulfate to extend service life.

7-oz. Untreated Burlap Roll   10-oz. Treated Burlap Square or Bale

7-oz. Untreated Burlap Roll
(Item No. 186073)

 

10-oz. Treated Burlap Square or Bale
(Item No. 186070)

Hard Hat Suspensions

Ratchet suspensions (109622, for example) adjust by turning a knob at the back of the hard hat, while pinlock suspensions (10961, for example) match a pin into a corresponding hole.

Hard hat suspensions are available in 4 and 6 points. The more points, the better the distribution of impact force. Never interchange one manufacturer's hard hat with another's suspension.

6-Point Ratchet Suspension System for North Safety Products Peak Hard Hats   4-Point Pinlock Suspension System for North Safety Products Peak Hard Hats

6-Point Ratchet Suspension System
for North Safety Products Peak Hard Hats
(Item No. 109622)

 

4-Point Pinlock Suspension System
for North Safety Products Peak Hard Hats
(Item No. 10961)

Hard Hats

Type I hard hats (10880, for example) provide protection against blows to the top of the head. Type II hard hats (53385, for example) provide protection against blows to the top and sides of the head.

North Safety Products Mid-Range Peak Type I Hard Hat   North Safety Products Type II Hard Hat

North Safety Products Mid-Range Peak Type I Hard Hat
(Item No. 10880)

 

North Safety Products Type II Hard Hat
(Item No. 10880)

Ultraseal™

GEMPLER'S carries two styles of Ultraseal™: commercial grade (G64511 for one gallon and T1319 for five gallons) and bulletproof grade (G65511 for one gallon and T4024 for give gallons). The bulletproof grade seals puncture wounds up to ½-inch in diameter and contains twice the number of sealing fibers as the commercial grade, which can seal punctures up to ¼-inch in diameter. Only use bulletproof-grade Ultraseal in low-speed applications (less than 25 mph, while the commercial grade can be used in both low- and high-speed applications). You must have your tires balanced before installing Ultraseal for use in high speed or highway vehicles.

One gallon of the Commercial Grade Ultraseal   Five gallons of the Bulletproof Grade Ultraseal

One gallon of the Commercial Grade Ultraseal
(Item No. G64511)

 

Five gallons of the Bulletproof Grade Ultraseal
(Item No. T4024)

Wireless Weather Stations

Wireless weather stations (125094) rely on unobstructed line-of-sight between the remote sensor and base unit to transfer information. Cabled weather stations (125095) have the remote sensor physically connected to the base unit by a cable. Some wireless stations have a range of up to 1000 feet, with a typical range of 200 to 400 feet. The cable station is limited by the length of the cable, usually 100 feet.

Davis Vantage Pro2 Wireless Weather Station   Davis Vantage Pro2 Cabled Weather Station

Davis Vantage Pro2 Wireless Weather Station
(Item No. 125094)

 

Davis Vantage Pro2 Cabled Weather Station
(Item No. 125095)

Data Loggers

Data loggers tabulate readings such as temperature, temperature and relative humidity among other variables over a specific time interval and duration. You'll find several Hobo data loggers at GEMPLER'S that record indoor readings (125178 for temperature, 125719 for temperature and humidity, and 125720 for temperature, humidity and light) or outdoor readings (138702 for internal temperature and humidity, 138703 for external temperature and humidity, 138704 for two external temperature sensors, and 138705 for internal and external temperature). They all require a means to transfer the data from the logger to a computer and software to manage the data once it's been downloaded. You'll also find two Extech loggers (159744 for temperature only and 148423 for temperature and humidity) that enable you to download the data collected indoors or outdoors directly to your computer through the USB port connection of the logger.

Hobo® U-12 indoor data logger for temperature   Extech® USB-compatible data logger for temperature

Hobo® U-12 indoor data logger for temperature
(Item No. 125178)

 

Extech® USB-compatible data logger
for temperature
(Item No. 159744)

Tire Reliners

Reliners and tire guards provide additional puncture protection in tires, but do so in a little different method. Reliners are generally two half-moon shaped pieces that go in between the inside of the tire and the inner tube, providing good protection to the tire in the tread and sidewall areas. Tire guards are single pieces that are also placed between the inside of the tire and the inner tube, providing excellent protection in the tread area and good protection along the sidewalls. A reliner (9DR15, for example) can fit in multiple tires that are close in size, while a tire guard (TG79) is compatible with only the tire it is designed to fit in. For tire guards, the brand and tread type are as important as the size in determining which one will fit in a particular tire.

Tire reliners   Tire guards

Tire reliners are generally 2 pieces
to provide puncture resistance
(Item No. 9DR15)

 

Tire guards come in 1 piece
to provide puncture resistance
(Item No. TG79)

Manplow

There are currently two different versions of the Manplow available; the old style has a 45-degree blade, while the new style comes with a 90-degree blade. The replacement EZ Glide edges are not interchangeable. The old style 45-degree replacement edges are 167851 for the 24-inch one and 167853 for the 36-inch edge; the new style 90-degree replacement edges are 192158 for the 24-inch version and 192157 for the 36-inch edge.

36-inch version of the Manplow with old-style edge   Replacement 90-degree EZ Glide edge

The 36-inch version of the Manplow
with old-style edge
(Item No. 167852)

 

Replacement 90-degree EZ Glide edge
(Item No. 192157)

Ice Melt Products

We carry several different types of ice melt products that are effective and environmentally friendly. The products range from Premiere's non-calcium chloride liquid ice melt (167584) that melts ice down to -8 degrees Fahrenheit to Safe Step's magnesium chloride formulation (60580) that melts ice down to -25 degrees Fahrenheit. We also offer Premiere ice melt crystals (167582 and 167583) along with Safe Step granules (183238, 183239, 60578 and 183237) in several formulations. These formulations tend to be less harsh and safer to use around family and pets than typical calcium chloride-based products.

Premier liquid ice melter in a 5-gallon bucket   Safe Step magnesium chloride ice melter in a 50-pound bag

Premier liquid ice melter in a 5-gallon bucket
(Item No. 167584)

 

Safe Step magnesium chloride ice melter
in a 50-pound bag
(Item No. 60580)

Carhartt Linings

Carhartt makes outerwear with several different linings, each of them providing a different level of warmth. From warm to warmest, the linings are: thermal, blanket, red quilt, Sherpa, quilted flannel, and Arctic quilt.

Carhartt Thermal Lining   Carhartt Arctic-Grade Lining

Carhartt Thermal Lining

 

Carhartt Arctic-Grade Lining

Poly Scrapers

The poly blades on the 10 different scrapers we offer (CF818 and 139335) are replaceable, extending their service life. When one edge of the blade is worn down, merely remove it from the handle, flip it around and use the other edge.

Wood handled poly scraper with an 18-inch wide blade   Steel D-handle poly scraper with a 36-inch wide blade

Wood handled poly scraper
with an 18-inch wide blade
(Item No. CF818)

 

Steel D-handle poly scraper
with a 36-inch wide blade
(Item No. 139335)

Open Reel Tape Measures

Due to high cost, most open reel tape measure manufacturers do not offer replacement tapes, also known as blades. In most instances, it will be cheaper to replace complete measure, even if the replacement blade is even available.

Keson open-face reel fiberglass tape measure, double-sided 100 feet   CST/berger open-face reel nylon-coated steel tape measure, single-sided 200 feet

Keson open-face reel fiberglass tape measure, double-sided 100 feet
(Item No. G58100)

 

CST/berger open-face reel nylon-coated steel tape measure, single-sided 200 feet
(Item No. G71840)

Hori Hori Digging Knife

The hori hori digging knife is a stainless steel, multi-purpose gardening tool that can be used to dig, weed, cut, scrape and saw. The blade has one sharpened smooth edge for slicing and a sharpened serrated edge for sawing; it also includes engraved depth markings from 25 to 150mm or .98 to 5.91 inches.

The wooden handle is comfortable and designed to be operated in one hand. First used in Japan for working on bonsai trees, the hori hori is a valuable tool that can be used by an accomplished horticulturist or an inexperienced novice.

AMS hori-hori digging tool and sheath

AMS hori-hori digging tool and sheath
(Item No. 139303)

Selecting Fire Extinguishers

Class A fire extinguishers are for ordinary combustibles, such as wood, cloth, paper and some plastics, and water is usually the extinguishing medium. A Class B fire extinguisher is for flammable liquids such as oil, gasoline and grease, and dry chemical is usually the extinguishing medium. A Class C fire extinguisher is for fires in live electrical equipment and dry, electrically nonconductive chemicals are the extinguishing medium; class A or B extinguishers can be used once the equipment has been deenergized.

An A rating is equal to 1.25 gallons of water, so a 4A-rated fire extinguisher contains 5 gallons of water, while a B:C rating equals the square footage coverage, so a 20B:C-rated fire extinguisher contains 20 square feet of extinguishing material.

> View all Fire Extinguishers

Featured Items: Amerex dry chemical fire extinguishers from 2.5- to 20-pound capacity and 12.6-pound capacity disposable fire extinguisher from Kiddie, Item No. 143218

Selecting Insect Repellent

DEET is an effective ingredient in insect repellents whether it's in spray, lotion or towelette form. The higher the concentration of DEET, the longer the protection will last; repellents with a concentration of 100% DEET can provide up to 10 hours of protection.

As long as consumers follow label directions and take proper precautions, insect repellents containing DEET do not present a health concern.

> View EPA Fact Sheet
> View all Insect Repellent

Featured Items: Ben's 30 tick and insect repellent spray with 30% DEET, Item No. 128037 and 10-Hour insect repellent spray with 100% DEET, Item No. DEET2A

Selecting Insect Traps and Lures

The insect traps (Item No. T3300) and lures (Item No. T3136) that we carry are for monitoring purposes only and not pest elimination. The lures are used to attract a particular insect species into the trap, where they are captured. Farmers, managers or consultants use the traps and lures as a means to determine the extent of a pest population so that timely control programs can be implemented.

Pheromone lures are insect specific and compatible with certain trap styles. It is important to use the proper lure and trap for maximum monitoring effectiveness.

> View all Traps and Lures

Featured Items: Trece 1C trap, Item No. T3300 and Trece septa lure for European core borer New York strain, Item No. T3136

Selecting Sprayers

The percentage listed in the shade cloth we carry refers to the amount of light the cloth will block. 40% shade cloth will block 40% of the light, while 80% shade cloth will block 80% of the light.

None of the sprayers we carry are compatible with gasoline, diesel, kerosene or any of the various bio-fuels.

> View all Sprayers

Featured Items: Birchmeier 4-gallon backpack sprayer, Item No. 151247 and Chapin 2-gallon handheld sprayer, Item No. 59715

Selecting Shade Cloth

The percentage listed in the shade cloth we carry refers to the amount of light the cloth will block. 40% shade cloth will block 40% of the light, while 80% shade cloth will block 80% of the light.

The shade cloth GEMPLER'S carries is available in custom square or rectangular sizes; the manufacturer, Green-Tek will not do round, oval, trapezoidal, triangular or other irregular shapes. Green-Tek prefers to do custom sizes in whole foot measurements (11 feet by 17 feet) but they will do half foot sizes (11.5 feet by 16.5 feet); however, they will not do fractional measurements (11 feet 4.5 inches by 16 feet 10 inches) because the cutting process doesn't allow them to be that precise.

> View all Shade Cloth

Featured Items: 80% black shade cloth on a white background, Item No. 127619 and 40% Aluminet shade cloth on a black background, Item No. 151007

Selecting Sunscreen

UPF stands for ultraviolet protection factor, which is a rating system similar to sun protection factor for sunscreen but for apparel. On an average day, a garment rated UPF 30 will allow just 1/30 (3.33%) of the UV rays to reach the skin.

The UPF rating scale is broken down to three levels: good, which is a rating of 15 to 24 and blocks 93.3% to 95.8% of UV rays; very good, which is rating of 25 to 39 and blocks 96% to 97.4% of UV rays; and excellent, which is a rating of 40-50+ and blocks 97.5% to 98% of UV rays.

> View all Sunscreen
> View all Sun Protection Shirts
> View all UPF Sun Hats

Featured Items: SunX® Sunscreen, Item Nos. 10157, 10158 & G10198 and Solar Shield™ Sun Protection T-shirt, Item No. 139272

Selecting Shovels

Straight handle shovels are effective when digging in the ground, while D-handle shovels work very well to move the dirt you've taken out of the ground. Shovels with D-handles are also good choices for close work, while long straight handle shovels can generate more leverage and result in less stooping for the user.

Shovel handles are made from wood, fiberglass or metal. Most handles are made from wood (ash and hickory), which is strong, flexible and a good shock absorber. Fiberglass handles have the flexibility of wood but are generally more weather resistant. Metal handles are incredibly durable but are sometimes heavier than wood or fiberglass ones.

> View all View all Shovels

Featured Items: Jackson D-handle round point shovel, Item No. G44100 and Bully Tools long handle square blade shovel, Item No. 167608

Please Note: The information contained in this publication is intended for general information purposes only. This publication is not a substitute for review of the applicable government regulations and standards, and should not be construed as legal advice. The goal of Tech Tip of the Week is to provide accurate information on the subject matters covered. However, it is impossible to guarantee absolute accuracy of the materials. Therefore, the publisher cannot assume any responsibility for omissions, errors or misprinting contained within this publication. Ariens Specialty Brands LLC, PO Box 5175, Janesville, WI 53546, USA Tel: 800-243-3194 Fax: 800-828-9678.